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Misty MacDuffee

Biologist & Program Director, Wild Salmon Program

Misty MacDuffee is conservation biologist with a focus on fisheries ecology in salmon ecosystems. For the past 15 years she has undertaken various types of field, laboratory, technical and conservation assessments in the salmon-bearing watersheds of the BC coast. She has a particular interest in the role of salmon as critical food sources for wildlife and incorporating their nutritional and energetic needs into salmon management decisions.

She is also interested in historic stock assessment and run reconstructions in salmon watersheds. The application of her work is to implement ecosystem considerations in fisheries management. This often requires her engagement with management, dialogue and stakeholder forums that affect fisheries and wildlife policy.


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Scientific Published Papers

Chalifour, L., D.C. Scott, M. MacDuffee, J.C. Iacarella, T.G. Martin and J.K. Baum. 2019. Habitat selectivity by juvenile salmon, resident and migratory species underscores the importance of estuarine habitat mosaics. In review

Gayeski, Nick, Misty MacDuffee, and Jack A. Stanford. 2018. Criteria for a Good Catch: A Conceptual Framework to Guide Sourcing of Sustainable Salmon Fisheries. Facets. 3: 300–314.

Kehoe, L.J., J.Lund, L. Chalifour, J.M. Casey, B. Connors, N. Cryer, M.C. Drever, C. Levings, M. MacDuffee, H. McGregor, D.C. Scott, R.G. Vennesland, C.E. Wilkinson, P. Zevit, J.K. Baum and T.G. Martin. in review. Prioritizing conservation action in a highly contested socio-ecological system.

Lacy, Robert C., R. Williams, E. Ashe, K.C. Balcomb III, L.J. N. Brent, C.W. Clark, D.P. Croft, D.A. Giles, M. MacDuffee and P.C. Paquet. 2017. Evaluating anthropogenic threats to endangered killer whales to inform effective recovery plans. Scientific Reports. 7, Article number: 14119 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14471-0

Michael H.H. Price, K.K. English, A.G. Rosenberger, M. MacDuffee, and J.D. Reynolds. 2017. Canada’s Wild Salmon Policy: an assessment of conservation progress in British Columbia. Can J. Fish & Aquatic Sci.

Jarvela Rosenberger, A.L., M.MacDuffee, A.G. J. Rosenberger and Peter S. Ross. 2017. Oil Spills and Marine Mammals in British Columbia, Canada: Development and Application of a Risk-Based Conceptual Framework. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 73: 131.

Darimont, C.T., K. Artelle, H. Bryan, C. Genovali, M. MacDuffee, and P.C. Paquet. 2013. Brown bears, salmon, people: Traveling upstream to a sustainable future. Chapter 14 in Bear Necessities: Rescue, Rehab, Sanctuary and Advocacy. Lisa Kemmerer ed. Brill Press. Boston

Christensen, J.R., M.B. Yunker, M. MacDuffee and P.S. Ross. 2013. Plant consumption by grizzly bears reduces biomagnification of salmon-derived PCBs, PBDEs, and organochlorine pesticides. Env.Tox. Chem. 02/2013

Levi T., C.T. Darimont, M. MacDuffee, M. Mangel, P. Paquet, C.C Wilmers. 2012. Using Grizzly Bears to Assess Harvest-Ecosystem Tradeoffs in Salmon Fisheries. PLoS Biol 10(4)

Darimont, C.T., Bryan, H.M., Carlson, S.M., Hocking, M.D., MacDuffee, M., Paquet, P.C., Price, M.H.H., Reimchen, T.E., Reynolds, J.D., and Wilmers, C.C. 2010. Salmon for terrestrial protected areas. Conservation Letters. 3(6): 379–389

MacDuffee, M. and E. MacIsaac (eds). 2009. Applications of paleolimnology to sockeye salmon nursery lakes and ecosystems in the Pacific Northwest and Alaska: Proceedings of a workshop at the Institute of Ocean Sciences, October 2008. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 2847

Price, M.H., C.T. Darimont, N.F. Temple and M. MacDuffee. 2008. Ghost Runs: Management and status assessment of Pacific salmon returning to British Columbia’s central and north coasts. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Vol 65, No 12, pp. 2712-2718(7)

Christensen, J.R., MacDuffee, M., Yunker, M.B., and Ross, P.S. 2007. Hibernation associated changes in persistent organic pollutants (POP) levels and patterns in British Columbia grizzly bears. Environ.Sci.Technol. 41: 1834 – 1840;

Christensen, J.R., MacDuffee, M., MacDonald, R.W., Whiticar, M. and Ross, P.S. 2005. Persistent Organic Pollutants in British Columbia’s Grizzly Bears: Consequence of Divergent Diet. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39: 6952-6960

Expert Reports for Legal Proceedings


J16 spy hops: Southern Resident killer whale.

No mitigation measures can protect Southern Resident killer whales from the noise of Trans Mountain’s tanker traffic

Today the National Energy Board (NEB) recommended that the Trans Mountain Expansion should proceed despite the consequence of oil tankers ...
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A salmon swims in to the current on the bottom of the Lower Fraser river: closeup of a salmon nose.

Provincial Wild Salmon Secretariat needs a focus on habitat

Last year, Raincoast Conservation Foundation participated in a meeting that BC Green MLA Adam Olsen hosted proposing the concept of ...
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Southern Resident killer whales swim by in the Salish Sea.

Southern Resident killer whales need more than luck

The Southern Resident killer whales were in need of some good fortune. It came on January 10th with the appearance ...
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A Southern Resident killer whales, J50, glides through the water in the Salish Sea.

Chinook salmon, 74 killer whales, and the future of the Salish Sea

2018 closes with just 74 Southern Resident killer whales remaining in the world. You’ve been with us through a year ...
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Southern Resident killer whales are on the precipice

This past summer, the world’s attention was focused on the critically endangered Southern Resident killer whales that inhabit the Salish ...
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Southern Resident killer whales spy hop with oil tankers in the background.

Still no adequate threat reduction measures for endangered killer whales

Yesterday, the federal government announced that it is instructing the National Energy Board to conduct a review of project-related marine ...
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A Souther Resident killer whale is watched by a whale watching vessel: five logos on the right including David Suzuki Foundation, World Wildlife Fund, Georgia Strait Alliance, Natural Resources Defense council and Raincoast Conservation Foundation.

We are taking the federal government to court to protect endangered Southern Resident killer whales

Today, we launched a new lawsuit to ensure our federal government acts to protect the endangered Southern Resident killer whales ...
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A quiet sunny day on the The Fraser River.

Wild Salmon, Pipelines and the Trans Mountain Expansion

As the endangered Southern Resident killer whale population continues to struggle from the combined forces of noise, pollution and food ...
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J50 swims toward San Juan Island: a group of people stand by the lighthouse waiting and watching.

Fisheries closures needed for killer whales

The world has watched Southern Resident killer whale Tahlequah (J35) carry her dead calf, her child, for over two weeks ...
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Dave Scott holds a small salmon fry in a measuring device on the Lower Fraser.

New report: Wild Salmon, Pipelines, and the Trans Mountain Expansion

Last week, we released a report that highlights the risks posed to wild salmon in the Lower Fraser River from ...
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L92 comes to the surface to get a better look around; spyhop.

Endangered killer whales still await real action

Vancouver Sun June 26, 2018 Two weeks ago Federal Transport Minister Marc Garneau held a press conference in Vancouver to ...
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Southern Resident killer whales: J2 (right) and juvenile J45 (left) chasing a salmon.

Government declares “imminent threat” to survival of Southern Resident killer whales

Early in 2018, our lawyers at Ecojustice petitioned the federal ministers responsible for the recovery of Southern Resident killer whales ...
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