Enbridge’s Northern Gateway project and the NEB Hearings
Raincoast was an intervener in the National Energy Board’s (NEB) public review process of the Northern Gateway Pipeline project, known as the Joint Review Panel (JRP). We (and our partners Living Oceans and Forest Ethics) are represented by our legal counsel, Ecojustice.
The following is a brief overview of our scientific and legal work against the Northern Gateway Project in our efforts to keep our coast oil-free.
In 2004: Raincoast begins 5 years of systematic ocean surveys to document the presence, abundance and distribution of marine birds and mammals to inform the debate and growing pressure on the BC coast for oil development.
In 2009: Raincoast completed 7 seasons, 14,000 kilometres of survey trackline compiling over 2000 ‘sightings’ of marine mammals and 20,000 ‘sightings’ of marine birds.
In 2010: Raincoast published scientific papers on preliminary results, a technical report, and a popular report: What’s at Stake: the Cost of Oil on BC’s Priceless Coast
View published scientific papers to date
Download the technical report: Predictive Marine Mammal Modelling for Queen Charlotte Basin, British Columbia (PDF)
Download the popular report What’s at Stake?: the Cost of Oil on BC’s Priceless Coast (PDF)
In 2010: Enbridge filed their proposal with the NEB. The proposal (i.e. Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment or ESA) and its many updates can be downloaded from the NEB’s website. The volumes that Raincoast reviewed can be downloaded below.
In 2011: Raincoast filed as a formal intervener with the NEB to participate in the JRP hearings. Raincoast’s NEB team was lead by Dr. Paul Paquet and consisted of Chris Darimont, Brian Falconer, Caroline Fox, Michael Jasney (NRDC), Misty MacDuffee and Andy Rosenberger.
In 2011: Raincoast filed the first round of Information Requests to Enbridge and the Canadian Federal government
In 2011: Raincoast submitted its evidence to the Joint Review Panel critiquing aspects of Enbridge’s pipeline, marine terminal and tanker proposal, specifically as they relate to impacts on wildlife. Our review revealed severe inadequacies with the assessments, models and analysis in Enbridge’s Environmental and Socio-economic Assessment (ESA).
Download Raincoast’s Submission of Evidence (PDF), or individual chapters separately:
- Table of Contents (pdf)
- Part 1. Preface, Cumulative Impacts, Natural Hazards, Climate Change and Terrestrial Impacts (pdf)
- Part 2. Marine Impacts – Marine Mammals (pdf)
- Part 3. Marine Impacts – Marine Birds (pdf)
- Part 4. Marine Impacts – Salmon (pdf)
- Part 5. Marine Impacts – Herring (pdf)
- Part 6. Marine Impacts – Eulachon (pdf)
- Part 7. Marine Impacts – Tankers (pdf)
- Evaluating external risks to Protected Areas (pdf)
- Underwater Noise Impacts (pdf) submitted by the NRDC
In July 2012: Raincoast received questions from Enbridge regarding our submission of evidence. Some were legitimate questions regarding the evidence presented, while others were puerile jabs that had no relevance to the submission, the material in front of the JRP panel or the NEB process.
In November 2012: Enbridge lawyers cross examine Raincoast scientists on our terrestrial evidence submission. Download November 2012 Transcripts (pdf).
In December 2012: Legal counsel for Raincoast (and its partners) began cross examination of Enbridge on the marine component of Enbridge’s ESA. Download December 2012 Transcripts (pdf) (Tim Leadem X).
In February 2013: Raincoast’s legal counsel, Ecojustice, continue cross examination on the marine component of Enbridge’s ESA. Download February 2013 Transcripts (pdf) (Karen Campbell X).
In March 2013: Raincoast’s legal counsel, Ecojustice, continue cross examination on the marine component of Enbridge’s ESA. Download March 2013 Transcript’s (pdf) (Barry Robinson X).
In April 2013: Enbridge cross examines Raincoast scientists on our marine submission of evidence and critique of their ESA. However, at the 11th hour, Enbridge withdraws their request to cross examine 90% of Raincoast’s submission. Severe critiques of Enbridge’s work to assess impacts to salmon, herring, eulachon, marine birds, and threats/impacts from the terminal, oil tankers and cumulative effects, stand unchallenged. Download April 2013 Transcripts (pdf).
In April 2013: with Raincoast providing scientific support, our legal counsel, Ecojustice, cross examined two departments of Canada’s federal government, Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Environment Canada, on the marine components of Enbridge’s ESA April 2013 Transcripts (pdf) (Tim Leadem X).
In early June 2013: Raincoast and our JRP coalition partners submitted Final Written Arguments (pdf) in the hearings.
In mid June 2013, Raincoast’s legal counsel, Ecojustice, presented our Final Oral Arguments (pdf) (delivered by Barry Robinson) in response to Enbridge’s final arguments.
In late June 2013: the hearings concluded.
In December 2013: The JRP panel released their report findings and made recommendations to Stephen Harper’s cabinet to approve Northern Gateway.
In Jan 2014, Raincoast and partners, represented by Ecojustice, lauched our first legal challenge to the NEBs recommendation, citing their failure to satisfy the appropriate review of the project.
In June 2014, Stephen Harper’s Cabinet approved Enbridge’s proposed Northern Gateway project.
In July 2014, Raincoast and partners, represented by Ecojustice, launched our second lawsuit seeking a court order to quash federal approval of Northern Gateway until an adequate environmental assessment report can be produced.
In September 2014, the Federal Court of Appeal granted our application to judicially review the federal approval of the Northern Gateway pipeline, and challenge the NEB’s certificates of public convenience and necessity.
Fall 2014: After 18 of these legal challenges were made against the project by intervenors in the federal hearing process, including those brought by 8 First Nations, the legal challenges were consolidated to be heard at the same time before the Federal Court of Appeal. These hearings are scheduled to occur in October 2015.
October 2015: Hearings are set to be heard over six days on October 1-2 and 5-8, 201 in Vancouver, BC. Download Raincoast (and partners at Living Oceans and Forest Ethics) Memo of Fact and Law that will be argued as part of this case.
Note: All of Raincoast’s submissions and correspondence, and those of our JRP coalition partners, Forest Ethics and Living Oceans Society, can be viewed by searching the NEB’s website. NEB documents often refer to our partnership as “The Coalition”.
Enbridge’s Submission to the National Energy Board (reviewed by Raincoast)
More information and context for these submissions (produced by Raincoast) can be viewed here.